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Nagpur University Syllabus :-- M.A. History

Courses Offered :
M.A. I in History in Marathi and English Medium
M.A. II in History in Marathi and English Medium
Course Structure (Introduced from 2002)
M.A. I

Paper I Historiography
Paper II History of India (1757 – 1857)
Paper III History of India (1858 – 1964)
Paper IV Twentieth Century World


Paper I History of Maharashtra
(From the Rise of Marathas to 1818)

Paper II Women in Indian History
State in India
Agrarian History of Colonial India

Paper III History of Ideas
Economic History of India (1757 – 1947)

Paper IV History of Vidarbha (from ancient times to 1960)


M.A.Part I
History-Paper 1

Unit 1
Meaning and Scope of History :
Meaning of Historiography, Nature and Scope of History

Collection and Selection of Data
Evidence and Its Transmission
Causation and Historicism
History and Other Disciplines – Archaeology, Geography, Sociology, Economics, Philosophy, Politics, Literature, Natural Sciences

Unit 2
Traditions of Historical Writing

Ancient – Greco-Roman, Chinese, Indian
Medieval – Persian, Arabian, Indian
Modern – Positivist, Classical Marxist, Annals

Unit 3
Approaches to History
Theological, Orientalist, Imperialist, Nationalist, Marxist, Recent Marxist, Sub-altern, Post-Modernist

Unit 4
Major Theories of History
Cyclical, Historical Materialism, Sociological, Comparative, Ecological, Structural

Unit 5
Themes in Indian History
Economic, Labour and Peasant, Varna, Jati, Janajati, and Gender, Religion, Culture, Environment


Eminent Historians
Macaulay, Hegel, Collingwood, V.K. Rajwada, J.N. Sarkar, R.C. Majumdar, D.D. Kosambi, R.C. Dutt
Debates in History

Racial Problems
Globalization vs Indigenous

Paper II
History of India 1757-1857

Unit 1
Sources of Modern Indian History : archival records; private papers; newspapers; periodicals; and oral tradition. Approaches and interpretation - different schools of thought
Late pre-colonial order : polity; economy; society and culture.

Unit 2
British Ideology of Expansion and Mercantilism
Policies and Programmes of Expansion
Instruments of Expansion - Wars and Diplomacy
Administrative Structure of colonial India
Arms of the State - Police, Army and Law

Unit 3
Social Policies and Social change

British understanding of Indian Society - Orientalist; Evangelical; and Utilitarian
Ideas of change
Education-indigenous and modern
Social reform and emerging social classes

Unit 4
Economic Organization : Changes and Continuity

Rural economy:
Eastern India
South India
Western India
Central and northern India
Princely states

*Note: This should be studied with special emphasis on new types of land revenue administration, commercialization of agriculture, rural indebtedness, rural power relations, landlords, peasants and agricultural labour and institutions of finance.
Urban Economy
Artisans and industrial production
Debate over de-industralializaton- regional variations
Rise of internal markets and urban centers; and communication – posts and telegraphs, railways, etc.

Unit 5
Resistance to Colonial Rule

Nature and forms of resistance
Pre-1857 – Peasant, tribal and cultural resistance
Revolt of 1857: ideology; programmes; leadership at various levels; people’s participation; and British repression and response

Paper III
History of India 1858-1964

Unit 1
Strategies of Imperial Control

British government and its control over Indian administration – central, provincial and district
Relations with Princely States
Principles and policies governing foreign relations
India and its neighbours:
Afghanistan and Central Asia
Persia and the Persian Gulf

Unit 2

India in the imperialist world system: volume and composition of urban flow of capital; balance of payments and the drain; and currency problems.
Agrarian relation: regional diversities and their administration; social and economic origins of commercialization and its effects; nature and extent of stratification within peasantry; and landlords, tenants and the state.
Domestic and craft industry; rise of modern industry and class; state and industrial growth, and rise of the working class (formal and informal sectors)

Unit 3

Colonial intervention and social change: reform movements; modern education; rise of middle classes; and caste movements.
Women: status; property rights; reform legislation; and political participation
Tradition and Modernity

Unit 4
National Movement

Emergence of organized nationalism
Gandhian movements – nature, programme, social composition, limitations and challenges
Revolutionary and Left Movements.
Communal politics; Transfer of Power
Subhash Bose and INA

Unit 5
Independent India

Visions of new India; women’s problems; education; health; science; and technology
Integration of Princely States
Beginnings of planned economy
Agriculture and Industrial policy
Foreign Policy – non-alignment
Paper IV
Twentieth Century World

Unit 1
Growth of Capitalism and Imperialism; U.K.; France; Germany; and Japan
Liberalism and Socialism

Unit 2
Origins of the First World War : Peace Settlement and its long term consequences
Making of the Russian Revolution – establishment of a Socialist State; its economic and political aspects; and responses and reactions in the West.
Working of the League of Nations and Collective Security; crisis in capitalism; Great Depression.

Unit 3
Ideologies of Nazism and Fascism: Germany, Italy and Japan.
Origins and results of the Second World War.
Nationalist Movements and Decolonization
Communist Revolution in China and its impact on world politics.
Cultural Revolution, Civil Rights Movement, Apartheid, Feminism

Unit 4
Ideological and political basis of Cold War; Pacts and Treaties; tensions and rivalries.
Non – Aligned Movement and the Third World.
UNO and the concept of World Peace; and regional tensions- Palestine, Kashmir, Cuba, Korea, Vietnam.

Unit 5
Progress in Industry; Agriculture; Science and Technology; and Communication and Information.
Genesis and process of disintegration of Socialist Block – its impact on society and politics.
Changes in the political order: from bipolar to unipolar World System.
Socialism in decline; globalization and its economic and political impact.

M.A. Part II
History Paper I
History of Maharashtra

( From the Rise of the Marathas to 1818 )

Unit 1
Sources of the Maratha History
Geographical, Social and Religious condition of Maharahstra
Shahji – his relations with Nizam Shahi and Adil Shahi

Unit 2
Shivaji – controversy about the birth date, Afzal Khan Episode
Shivaji – Relations with Mirza Raje Jaisingh, Treaty of Purandhar, visit and escape from Agra
Shivaji’s Coronation, causes and consequences, Karnataka expedition,
Relations with English, Portuguese and Siddis. Assessment

Unit 3
Sambhaji’s relations with Mughals, his martyrdom and its effect on Maratha politics
The Maratha war of Independence, causes of Maratha success
Chhatrapati Shahu – acquisition of Sanads for Swarajya and Sardshmukhi
Peshwa Baji Rao I – Expansion of the Maratha power in North. Achievements
Peshwa Balaji Baji Rao, Third battle of Panipat.

Unit 4
Peshwa Madhao Rao I – Restoration of Maratha power in the North. Achievements
The First Anglo-Maratha war
Peshwa Baji Rao II – the Second and Third Anglo-Maratha war, downfall of Maratha power.

Unit 5
Civil Military and Judicial administration of the Marathas
Trade and commerce and agrarian system during the Maratha period
Social and economic condition under the Marathas
Art and Architecture

Paper II
Women in Indian History

Unit 1
a.Survey of Approaches – Liberal, Marxist, Psycho-analytical, Socialist, Existential, Radical,

b. Survey of Sources
Archival – government files, official reports, census, private papers etc
Non- Archival – Sacred and non-sacred texts, epigraphs, diaries, memoirs, autobiographies, fiction, songs, folklore, photographs, paintings, oral history.

c. Customary and Legal status – ancient. medieval,
colonial and post independent India. Tribal

Unit 2
Religion and women – Brahmanical and non-Brahmanical, Jainism, Buddhism, Islam, Sikhism, Christianity
Reform movements and women – Bhakti movements, Vira Saivism, Brahma Samaj, Arya Samaj, Aligarh Movement, Theosophical Movement, Satya Shodhak Samaj, Shri Narayan Movement, Self-Respect Movement

Unit 3
Education and Women – ancient , medieval, colonial, and post independent India
Women’s representation and participation in literature, art and sculpture, music, dance, films, theatre, religious scriptures, historical writing, media.

Unit 4

a. Women’s organizations – colonial, post independent, local, provincial, national
b. Women’s political participation – Gandhian
satyagraha, revolutionary movements, peasant and
worker’s movement, tribal movements, Panchayat
and Municipal councils, state legislature and

Unit 5
Women and work – household, agriculture, industry - formal and informal sectors, professions, wages,property rights

Paper II
State in

Unit 1
State in Ancient India

Towards formation of the State – chiefdoms of later Vedic times, territorial states in the age of Buddha
The Mauryan State – Socio-economic basis, nature and functions, theory and practice
Gupta polity – administrative organization, tributary system, socio-economic basis

Unit 2
State in South India

Chiefdoms and the Cholas
Vijayanagar State – structure, features, and nature

Unit 3
Islamic state

Nature and functions of State under the Sultan of Delhi
State under the Mughals – administrative institutions, mansabdari system, socio-economic basis

Unit 4
Colonial State

Political, economy, state apparatus and instruments of legitimation
Stages of developments of Nation-State in India

Unit 5
State in Independent India

Continuity and change – Integration of States, Formation of Constitution, Reorganization of States

Paper II
Agrarian History of Colonial India

Unit 1
Some leading interpretation of the nature and process of agrarian change during British rule
Examination of the notions of village self-sufficiency and village community, elements of conflict and solidarity in the village community – late pre-colonial India’s agrarian economy, a growing economy.

Unit 2
Co-existence of decline and growth, increasing commercialization of agriculture, a forced commercialization? - Organization of cash crop cultivation and its impact on the small peasant economy
Explanation of recurring famines and scarcities
Price Movements and the nature of peasant response to price changes : a detailed study of the impact of the Great Depression on the rural economy.

Unit 3
Major trends in demographic changes with particular reference to the period 1872 – 1947
The New land systems and the reshuffling of the upper levels of tenurial hierarchy; and the process of replacement of the old proprietary groups with special reference to U.P. Maharashtra, Punjab, Bengal and South India
Growth of agricultural labourers during British rule – system of bonded labour (agrestic serfdom)

Unit 4
The changing rural credit scene as it affected the rural agrarian structure (with particular reference to Maharashtra, U.P., Bengal and Punjab) ; and examination of the notion of social and economic constraints on the powers of money lenders
Rise of ‘a rich peasantry’ to be explained (with particular reference to Punjab, Maharashtra, Bengal and South India) – growth of the tenancy system – examination of the notion that the tenancy contributed to ‘peasant stability’.

Unit 5
Changing rural landscape and environment and the issues concerning forestry – ecological approach to rural changes in colonial India
The changing economy and social organization in the tribal world

Paper III
History of Ideas

Unit 1
Ancient and Medieval political Ideas

Ideas of polity- monarchy, oligarchy and proto-republicanism.
Rights and duties of subjects.
Legitimacy of political power-Texts practice.

Unit 2
Modern Political Ideas

Colonialism and emergence of new political ideas
Liberalism, democracy
Nationalism and socialism
Communalism and secularism

Unit 3
Social Ideas

Formation of early ideas on hierarchy

Rationalization and justification of hierarchy

Anti-caste movements during the colonial period – Satya Shodhak Samaj, Shri Narayan Movement, Self –Respect Movement

Social basis of nationalism

Unit 4
Religious and Philosophical Ideas

Formation of religious ideas in early India –
Vedas, Upanishads and Vedanta
Six schools of Indian philosophy

Unit 5
Ideas of Religious and Cultural Synthesis

Bhakti movement, Sufism, Sikhism

Reform and Revivalism – Brahma Samaj, Prarthana Samaj, Arya Samaj, Deobandha and Aligarh Movement, Singh Sabha Movement

Ideas of religious universalism and fundamentalism in modern India

Paper III
Economic History of India ( 1757 - 1947 )

Unit 1

Sources of Economic history of British India.

Nature and Structure of economy in the mid-18th century : rural and urban.

Agrarian and non-agrarian production, Technology and methods of production

Trade and Indigenous banking

Mercantilism and European Economic interests in India. The East India company and its rule in Bengal.

The early drain of wealth and its mechanism, magnitude and effects.

Unit 2
a. Agrarian conditions-Regional variations.
b. The Permanent Settlement -objectives, operations, effects
and official critiques.
c. Ryotwari Settlements and Mahalwari system.
d. Artisans and handicraft product background.
e. Industrial capitalism and import of English cloth and

Unit 3

a. Railways-Economic and political compulsions.
b. Effects on agrarian production and export of raw materials.
Commercialization of agriculture.
c. Condition of large scale industry before the emergence of
modern industry.
d. Modern industry in pre 1914 phase-main industries:
cotton, jute, iron and steel and others.
e. Rise of industrial labour, types of labour movements.
Unit 4

Changing nature of external trade- stages of mercantilism, industrial capital and finance capital. Drain of wealth
Shift from direct to indirect taxation
Main trends in the movement of prices
Impact on state revenues and trad

Unit 5
Movements of national income after 1858-the divergent assumptions and estimates
Population growth : pre and post census estimates
Trends in demographic changes

Paper IV
The History of Vidarbha
( from Ancient Times to 1960 )

Unit 1

Sources of the History of Vidarbha – ancient , medieval and modern
Political, social, economic and cultural conditions of Vidarbha
Gond Dynasty – Chanda and Devgad branches Chanda – Bhim Ball Devgad – Bakht Buland

Unit 2
Advent of the Bhoslas in Vidarbha – Kanhoji Bhosle, Raghuji Bhosle I – Bengal Expeditions,
Janoji – relations with Nizam and the Peshwas. Mudhoji and war with the English
Raghuji II – second conflict against English
Appa Sahab Bhosle – conflict with the English, Treaty of 1826, annexation of Nagpur
Socio-economic conditions under the Bhoslas

Unit 3
Formation of Central Provinces in 1861
Rise and growth of Nationalist Movement
Congress Session of 1891 at Nagpur, 1897 at Amravati, 1920 at Nagpur and their importance
Moderates and extremist groups
Non-cooperation Movement and Civil Disobedience Movement in Vidarbha

Unit 4
First Congress Ministry under Dr. N.B.Khare
Quit India Movement with special reference to Ashti, Chimur and Yawli
Nagpur as a capital of Madhya Pradesh – Ravi Shankar Shukla as Chief Minister
Creation of Maharashtra State in 1960, Sanyukta Maharashtra and separate Vidarbha Movements

Unit 5
Education – development of Shivaji Education Society, Nagpur Shikshan Mandal, Missionary activities
Social welfare activities – Matru Seva Sangh, Tapovan, Anand Van, Gurudeo Seva Mandal
Village upliftment programme – Jamnalal Bajaj
R.S.S. – Dr. Hedgewar, Rashtriya Seva Dal - N.S. Hardikar, Dharma Chakra Pravartan – Dr. B.R. Ambedkar in 1956

Admissions (Eligibility, General Procedure) Conditions of Eligibility

Persons who have passed the B.A. Examination of the RTM Nagpur University or an examination recognized as equivalent thereto.
Persons who are graduates of RTM Nagpur University in a faculty other than the Arts faculty and have subsequently passed the B.A. Examination with History as additional subject will be eligible for admission to the M.A. Course in History only.
Graduates from other Universities seeking admission to the M.A. History course are required to first obtain an Eligibility Certificate from RTM Nagpur University.
Student Intake Capacity
M.A. I - Marathi Medium 60
M.A. I - English Medium 60
M.A. II - Marathi Medium 60
M.A. II - English Medium 60


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